Fastbrick Robotics won the $75,000 main prize for its Hadrian X prototype at the Western Australia Innovator of the Year Awards held in Perth on 2 November.
The unit uses a fully automated, truck-mounted 30m boom to lay bricks via a brick-fed conveyor.
A laser guidance system is said to lay bricks within 0.5mm accuracy and a special adhesive is used to in place of regular cement.
Fastbrick CEO Mike Pivac told Science Network Western Australia the technology could reduce the construction period of a four-bedroom, two-bathroom home by up to eight weeks.
He also estimated the machine could cut up to $30,000 from construction costs, roughly 10 per cent relative to the typical new build price.
WA Government Innovation Minister Bill Marmion congratulated Fastbrick on its win.
"This organisation is now on the cusp of commercialising the world's first truck-mounted, fully automated end-to-end 3D bricklaying machine – an invention that truly unites innovation and science," Marmion said.
A version of the Hadrian X machine is scheduled to become commercially available by the first quarter of 2017.